In Pakistan, due to inflation and the high cost of transportation, the costs of goods are very high. Particularly in the construction sector due to the sporadic arrangement of plants and factories producing construction material the prices soar skyrocket. The prices of cement, casted iron, bricks, metals, wood, etc. vary with the transportation it requires to take items from one place to another. Where brick kilns have located the prices in that region are relatively low compared to far-flung areas where it has to be transported.
But buying home cost you the additional surplus payment which in most cases is very high compared to if, you construct the one for yourself. Building a home for yourself can give you peace of mind and also you can save lots of money. You can design your own model; you can make changes as per your needs and requirement. Aesthetics can be arranged as per your budget and above all, you can closely monitor each and every aspect of construction with a close eye on the quality of items used to derive the best value for your money.
Before you consider doing anything about construction you must have a piece of land to start your construction and for that, you must do complete research.
There are lots of scams in the market and many new investors are fooled by agents by investing their hard-earned money in suspicious projects or ghost projects. Lands purchased are either claimed by other investors or sometimes don’t have any objection certificates (NOC) from the concerned authority of that locality.
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Before investing any money you must consult with relevant housing authorities about the relevance and transparency of such projects. Friends, relatives, and colleagues can be very good sources to explore by their past experience the genuine nature of any piece of land you are intending to purchase.
After you have completed your research to buy land you will complete the documentation to transfer it on your name. In Pakistan, the lands whose possession is yet not transferred or yet not allotted to owners are called open file plots. When its possession is allotted to you, the construction can be started on that land.
In big cities like Rawalpindi, Lahore, Karachi, Peshawar, and Quetta you will find a number of housing societies operating. You can buy plots, houses, and commercial lands in these societies. Every society is a walled area home to ranging from a few dozens to hundreds of houses. They have the well-maintained infrastructure of roads, parks, residential areas, commercial areas, etc. Again, beware of scams in societies as well. Many are not registered with housing authorities. Some of the notable housing societies are DHA, Bahria Town, Gulberg, etc.
Capital development authority (CDA) administer and maintain sectors in Islamabad and these sectors are the most regulated residential blocks with transparency check on all the transfer, purchase and selling of houses and commercial properties in the sectors of Islamabad.
Now, when you have bought the land for construction the next step is to design a map for your land. If you are skillful enough to create your own design as it happens in small towns and villages, where builders without formal education about architecture, design their own map and start construction. But in most of the large towns, the municipal directorate requires the map to pass certain protocols before adopted as a roadmap for construction.
Certain rules and measures must be duly incorporated in the architectural plan to ensure the construction requirements are followed accordingly. Like in some societies, you cannot design your own exclusive map rather you choose from among the maps designed by society. Similarly, in some places there is a restriction on the number of floors built above ground and also an open space should remain uncovered on each side of the covered area. These are some of the requirements but your architect if you acquire his/her services is aware of the rules.
The architect will assess your requirement and will draft a map accordingly; you can make changes until you decide a final version of your map. Architect furnishes different versions of map to you that include sewerage plan, casted iron installation plan, electricity wiring plan, plumbing plan, etc. apart from the overall plan with all measurements of covered area.
Land under construction doesn’t come under covered area because there will be space not covered in construction. All the area which is covered for construction of the concrete structure is denoted as a covered area. Total land can be more than the covered area and often the builders charge clients for the covered area.
Architects charge the client a certain percentage of money for their services w.r.t to the total investment. The architect supervises the construction until the time it gets completed.
Remember, the cost of construction material increases day by day and one ton of casted iron can cost you more than what it cost you at the start of the project. Similarly, it is valid for all the construction materials. So, whenever you have planned for construction make sure you have some amount in the surplus because it happens what you have budgeted might fall short to cover all the construction-related expenses. Most of the time when we plan our budget for construction we do not take into account miscellaneous expenses, this is why we usually shortfall of meeting the expenses or actual expense exceeds budgeted expense.
Articles yet to be updated with the following details related to construction:
- Plinth Beam
- Door bands
- Roof bands
- RCC vs RBC
- Slab and Lantarn
- Electricity plan
- Sewerage plan
- Plumbing plan
- Interior decoration