Germany carries the legacy of dynamic educational reforms over the decades. During the early days of 18 century, primary education was made compulsory and later on changes were adopted to align with the rapidly industrializing world. Education system put stress on ethics and discipline to a great extent, along with strict certification requirement for teachers.
Access to education was associated with how affluent you are but gradually it was accessible to all Germans. According to a source, education reforms in Germany can be associated with different eras such as, Prussian era followed by the German Empire; in which different classes of secondary schools were developed, it is then followed by the Weimar Republic; they introduced some new levels into education system. Next came the Nazi era, and details about Nazi’s and their ideology were made part of education. East Germany promulgated its own education system and West Germany influenced by allied powers, after the Second World War, adopted their style of the education system. This all synched together later into the Federal Republic of Germany.
Germany With Inspiring Numbers
Germany is among those countries which are making a great impact in the international arena when it comes to international education. Countries like, USA, Canada, UK, Australia, and China are capturing significant gains by attracting international students.
In Germany, international students make approx. 14% of the total student population. International students in Germany in the year 2018/19 were 393,579. And this has increased from last year in the same period i.e. 374,583, an increase of 5%.
The highest numbers of international students enrolled in Germany are from China, India, Turkey, Italy, Russia, Austria, Syria, Iran, Cameroon, and France. In 2018, students from China compose 13% of international students in Germany and 6% of students arrived from India. Other countries sent students to Germany in following numbers; Turkey (76350), Italy (8910), Russia (10975), Austria (11130), Syria (8620), Iran (7530), France (7200), and Cameroon (7345).
Students, who opt for international studies in Germany, prefer engineering and law. Also, the other degrees which are considered prime by students are economics and social sciences. Natural sciences, mathematics, and humanities are also the fields where significant numbers of international students are enrolled.
International students coming to Germany prefer this destination due to its free-tuition education system whereas, others consider faculty in the universities to be very talented. After completing their education nearly 70% prefer to remain in Germany to seek a job. Nevertheless, job opportunities are very good in Germany.
Students also fund their education by working part-time as educational expenses are not very high. Similarly, scholarships, student loans, financed by guardians are other sources of education fundings.
Germans have formulated and implemented a very thoughtful model for the education system and if you want to read more about the German Education System click here.
Why Germany Appeals to Students from Pakistan
- Free Education Offered by World Renowned Universities
The biggest motivation for students to study in Germany is free education. All public universities in Germany can be opted for educational prospects without paying any tuition fees. The only payments that students will make are administrative expenses that include, cost of public transport, student union fees and minimal student contribution which cost not more than 300 Euros per semester. And according to a survey conducted by Studying in Germany around 35% of students cited free or low cost of education for selecting Germany as their study destination.
In Germany, there are nearly 300 public universities that you can opt from and they offer 1000 programs in diverse fields. Germany has abolished tuition fees because they believe education should not be for profit-making but for the welfare of society at large. Similarly, public universities in Germany are among the best universities in the world.
Also Read: Study Abroad Guide
If you are applying to private German universities, then you will be paying a tuition fee like normal fees charged by universities across Europe and America. DAAD, a German academic exchange service illustrates on their website all the scholarships available to students with respect to their country of origin. Following are among the top public German universities:
- University of Cologne
- Ludwig Maximilians University Munich (LMU)
- Technical University of Munich (TUM)
- Goethe University Frankfurt
- RWTH Aachen University
- Home of big MNCs
Students Stat has identified that Engineering is the most sought degree by international students and technical education of Germany is considered to be one of the best in the world. German Companies are among the industry leaders and their cutting edge innovations have made a lot of impacts worldwide. Being one of the largest capital exporters in the world and leading the industries in products and services have earned German companies great prestige and Goodwill across the globe. Motor shows and trade fairs organized by Germans are considered to be the most attractive platforms for local businesses to exhibit their highly advanced products and services to the world.
Few of the Best German Companies in the World are:
- Volkswagen Group
- BMW Group
- Bosch Group
- Allianz Worldwide
- Deutsche Telekom AG
- Siemens Group
- Munich Reinsurance Company
- Cultural Diversity and Gateway to Schengen Areas
From around 106 countries across the globe, students come to Study in Germany. Due to such diversity, their management is an art undoubtedly. Once you have acquired the Germans visa you have access to Schengen areas which are 26 countries and you are free to travel anywhere. Travel lovers not only explore the diversity of cultures but also the landscape, natural monuments and tourism attraction points of Schengen areas in General and Germany in Particular.
Here you can see Schengen Areas which you can visit with your Germany visa in hand:
- Career opportunities and Cost of Living
The majority of the students after completing their Study in Germany join mega corporations and others seek job opportunities and secure lucrative jobs. Mostly students coming from developing countries look forward to securing better living standards in Germany and by living, experiencing and securing grounds to settle for the future they accomplish multiple objectives of their life. In Germany, the cost of living is moderate for students and those acquiring admission in public universities get to pay very minimal for transport and other administrative expenses. Doing part-time jobs also helps students in disposing of their sundry expenses.
To study in Germany you can select among any one of the following visa categories; Student visa (Those who availed admission in German university and they are awaiting visa to travel and join their respective course), Student Applicant Visa (Those who want to apply to university while being in Germany, this visa does not allow you to study there but you can only complete your university admission protocols), German Language course visa ( Valid for those who wants to pursue German language course.
For less than three months of stay, you need a Schengen visa while you want to stay for time period longer than 3 months you will apply for a German national visa.
Documents Checklist for applying to German Student Visa:
- Complete national visa application form
- Valid Passport, Birth certificate, marriage certificate and Child’s birth certificate (if married)
- Passport size photographs
- Previous residence title, Schengen visa or German resident permit (if applicable)\
- Financial Proof: Income proof of financials, deposit in German blocked account (€10,236), bank guarantee and scholarship certificate (if applicable). A block account increases your chance of getting a student visa.
- University Admission proof
- Proof of previous education, Health Insurance and eligibility to acquire admission in the university
- German language or English Language Proficiency
Applying for German student Visa:
- Find German Embassy and Consulate near to you
- Take the information about student visa procedure and requirements specific to your country
- Take visa appointment
- Compile all visa documents as per the checklist provided to you
- Appear for an interview.
Once you have successfully acquired a visa you will complete the following procedure to get a student residence permit in Germany.
- Find permanent accommodation
- Register yourself at the resident’s office.
- Enroll in studies at respective university
- Finally, you can apply for a residence permit for studies
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